CONVEYANCE & DELIVERY
Conveyance System —
Your Water’s Journey
A CENTURY OF CONVEYANCE,
COMMITMENT & CUSTOMER SERVICE
The primary source of surface water in the Central Valley is snowpack on the Sierra Nevada mountains that generally begins to melt in April of each year, depending on weather conditions. The snowmelt helps to replenish the region’s rivers, such as the Kings River, and is stored in our reservoirs, like Pine Flat Reservoir behind Pine Flat Dam.
PINE FLAT DAM AND RESERVOIR
Construction of Pine Flat Dam was completed in 1954. The Dam & Reservoir were constructed as a flood control project with water storage benefits. Releases from Pine Flat Dam flow downstream to be diverted by FID and other agencies foragricultural, urban, and other ecological uses.
FRESNO CANAL HEADWORKS
The Fresno Canal Headworks, located off the Kings River, is one of the original canals that delivered water into the Fresno area. Despite construction allowing water to begin flowing in 1871, the Fresno Canal remains one of the largest and most impactful FID facilities for ensuring proper deliveries of water each year. Along with other early infrastructure, the Fresno Canal sparked the area’s explosive evolution into the most productive farming region the world has ever known with construction commencing over 150 years ago.
FID relies on over 312 miles of earthen channels for its surface water deliveries. The majority of these earthen channels were constructed by the Fresno Canal and Irrigation Company long before the formation of FID in 1920. FID acquired these earthen channels, which provide for both water delivery & natural groundwater recharge.
FID has more than 363 miles of pipelines which have different pipe materials and sizes based on the specific use. As urban areas have developed, FID has converted portions of its canal system to pipelines for health and safety reasons. FID maintains and operates pipelines based on customer needs.
Ultimately, water from Sierra Nevada snowmelt flows all the way down to FID customers. Water flows to our growers so they can water their agricultural lands; to recharge facilities for groundwater recharge; and to Fresno and Clovis to supply each City’s surface water treatment plants so the water that reaches households meets clean drinking water standards.